What Do You Need to Setup a New Aquarium?
1. The Aquarium
Many modern aquarium sets come supplied with all of the equipment you need to setup a basic aquarium, but as a general rule its a good idea to check that you have everything you need. Choose an aquarium that suits the needs of the fish you are keeping - you can find a handy guide to stocking levels via our fishkeeping guide - click here.
2. Water Conditioners
You will need to condition the water to make it safe for your fish. A basic dechlorinator will remove chlorine and metals from your tap water to make it safe for your aquarium, and helpful bacteria can be added to start your filtration process.
You will need a filter to help circulate the water and remove any fine waste particles in your aquarium water. A good aquarium filter will eliminate ammonia and help the nitrogen cycle occur. Choose and internal or external filter that suits the size and volume of your fish tank.
If you are keeping tropical fish, you will need to heat the water to a suitable temperature that reflects the original habitat of the fish. A water temperature typically above 24 degrees celsius needs to be maintained in order to keep most tropical species. An aquarium heater will help achieve this.
An essential bit of kit for basic life support, a thermometer will tell you how hot or cold the aquarium is, and allow you to adjust the thermostat temperature accordingly. Basic stick-on thermometers can be stuck on the outside of the glass, and are no more than a couple of pounds to purchase.
8. Fish and Plants
Its a wise idea to plan what fish and plants you intend to keep before purchasing your aquarium. You will often find a description telling you what habitat requirements your fish have. If unsure about compatibility or suitability of any fish or plant species, feel free to contact us or ask your local aquatic store for advice.
A good aquarium habitat will have plenty of hiding spaces and points of interest for fish. A blend of driftwood, plants, caves and ornaments will produce a pleasing display for any aquarist. Always make sure the decor you choose is suitable for the species you keep.
Aquarium Setup Checklist
(click on a link to browse examples in our store)
1. The Aquarium
2. Water Conditioners: - dechlorinator - bacteria
3. Filtration: - circulation pumps - internal filters - external filters
4. Substrate: - gravel, sand and stones
5. Lighting for the aquarium: - LEDs
6. Heating: - aquarium heaters
7. Thermometer: - aquarium thermometers
8. Fish and Plants: - live fish - live plants
9. Decorations: - ornaments - driftwood - plastic plants
Photo credit(s): Canva Pro Licence